A and can be done through pattern and grouping

A long number is very complex to remember but if you group these
numbers into chunks it will be an easier way of remembering it such as lets
say, 9745738290 can be chunked into 974-573-8290 (Gilchrist, 2015). Chunking is
taking larger pieces of information into smaller pieces of information and can
be done through pattern and grouping (Fonollosa, Neftci & Rabinovich,
2015). Because humans and animals often remember smaller sequences, chunking
becomes helpful in a numerical sense because, as shown above, you are able to
convert a very large number statement into something smaller into 3 or 4
different parts which helps with recalling it and retaining it in the correct
order (Fonollosa, Neftci & Rabinovich, 2015). Chunking can also be seen
within alphabetical statements such as if words end in ‘at’ you may group those
together to help you remember them. There are many different ways you are able
to chunk something so it is at easy access for you and may vary from person to
person. Because our short-term memory is so limited, chunking is an ideal
solution to remember things (Fonollosa, Neftci & Rabinovich, 2015). As the
saying goes, practice makes perfect therefore practice can improve your chunking
techniques if you are able to go over it multiple times (Fonollosa, Neftci
& Rabinovich, 2015). To test chunking, an individual can list random
numbers or letters are see if he or she is able to remember those numbers or
letters after 10 seconds. If you were to test this most individuals would tell
you they chunked the numbers or letters to help them remember and recall it.

            According to Gilchrist, chunking can
happen by two different forms, which are strategic reorganization through prior
knowledge, which is knowledge you have already accumulated over your lifetime,
or grouping based on similar characteristics (Gilchrist,
2015). An example of similar characteristics would be breaking down an acronym
for example the acronym AWOLNASAMIA can be chunked into AWOL, NASA, MIA to make
it easier for an individual to recall and remember (Gilchrist, 2015).

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            Chunking initially came into the
forefront when George Miller’s paper “The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus
Two” in 1956 (Gilchrist, 2015). This is also one of the greatest known papers
in the field of psychology (Cowan, 2015). George Miller went through many
research articles and wanted to study immediate recall. Miller’s dedication to
this task left him with results, which stated that if information was paired
into chunks then the amount of information that can be recalled increases
(Gilchrist, 2015). Although Millers paper has been out for sixty years now,
chunking is still something that cannot be defined because scientists are not
quite sure how to handle it for example; there have been numerous papers which
discuss chunking, about its nature and how it is formed and retrieved but it is
unclear if these actually represent what is actually happening within our
brains and if they provide valid and reliable insight into chunking (Gilchrist,
2015).