Bearing gain the land lost during the Russo-Japanese War

Bearing 4 presidential terms, Franklin D. Roosevelt is often viewed as one of the most popular presidents in American Politics.  Roosevelt helped the Allied Coalition win World War II, established government institutions such as Social Security, aided in the creation of the United Nations, and accomplished much more during his presidency earning himself a respectable reputation.  However, despite Roosevelt’s public approval his failings with Russian negotiations are unnerving and are often times overlooked.  During WWII post-war conferences Roosevelt helped shaped the Cold war by empowering communistic Russia with both land and future communist allies.Roosevelt’s promise at the Yalta conference (to give The USSR Chinese and Japanese territories for Soviet Aid in Japan) allowed Russia to extend communism in Asia.  During the Yalta Conference The Soviet Union agreed to join forces with the US to defeat Japan, however, the alliance carried territorial rewards for The USSR and only after Hitler was defeated would The USSR join the Pacific War.  In the Case that The USSR joined the US, they would gain the land lost during the Russo-Japanese War including South Sakhalin, the Kurile Islands, and Port Author as a Naval Base.  The USSR acquiring of Chinese land is not only a direct way of spreading communism through Asia but led to furthering communism in the rest of China and other Asian nations as well.  The Soviet expansion of land in China led to budding Chinese Russian relations as Chinese and Soviet entities formed unilateral railroad companies illustrated in the Yalta Conference.  In addition, using the newly found territory encasing Korea such as Sakhalin The USSR along with China fought for communist North Korea in direct contrast to America.  By allowing The USSR to use Poland and central Europe as a buffer between Europe and The heart of Russian society at the Yalta Conference FDR allowed Russia to yet again extend their control and spread communism.  Stalin wanted control of Poland due to its proximity and its ability to invade Russia, however, Churchill and Roosevelt wanted self-determination and free elections in Poland. Trying not to anger Russia so that Russia would join the US in the Pacific War, Roosevelt and Churchhill gave Poland vague outlines for its elections, calling for “‘more broadly based'” government.  In Poland, Stalin recruited secret police forces beginning from 1939, and soon after in 1947 Poland’s communist regime was voted into office gaining 96% of parliament seats; oppositionist to the communist regime during the election was either murdered or exiled.  The Soviet bullying of Polish democracy was somewhat expected, but the importance of Soviet aid in the Pacific war led Roosevelt to choose American interest over Polish: “The agreements allowed Churchill and Roosevelt to claim they had defended the principle of self-determination, even though both knew that Poland had effectively been consigned to the Soviet sphere of interest.”  The Soviets carried out a similar attack in East Germany.  Like many other Eastern European Nations, East Germany underwent a revolution.  In 1953 there was an uprising in East Germany driven by Berlin workers living in poor social and economic conditions. The Soviets swiftly snuffed out the disturbance killing at least 50 people and arresting 10,000.  The Soviet Union once again suppressed self-determination in Eastern Europe in order to maintain power. The Soviets were expected to hold open elections in the German zones that were allocated to them during the post-war, along with other eastern European nations, however, without any clear reprobations from Roosevelt, the Russian government played a heavy role in electing and empowering communist leaning leaders in order to expand their influence throughout eastern Europe.    Roosevelt’s agreement during the Tehran conference to support the Yugoslavian Partisans gave power to another communistic government that strengthened The USSR during the Cold War.  Ignoring communistic ties, Roosevelt along with Stalin and Churchill decided to support the uprising of Partisan Leader Josip Broz Tito.  The three world leaders used Tito to replace the Chitniak party that reigned over Yugoslavia and supported Hitler; By eliminating the Chitniaks the Big three eliminated a German ally and therefore weakened Germany their enemy in War.  At the time, the replacement was promising, however, the deal eventually fostered a new allyship, harmful to the US, between Yugoslavia and The USSR.  According to History.com, Tito joined the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY) and temporarily lived in the USSR working with Comintern (the Soviet-led international Communist organization).  Although Stalin had a tumultuous relationship with Tito, purging the CPY in 1937-38, the two both carried communistic beliefs, and despite the variation of their beliefs, the spreading of communism anywhere became a threat to the US.  In the beginning of the Cold War, Yugoslavia was not only an ally to The USSR in beliefs but also strengthened The Soviets economically.  Yugoslavia and The USSR partnered in multiple deals: “The Soviet Union pledged a 110 million credit to Yugoslavia for the construction of three fertilizer plants, a power station and the modernization of three mines between 1958 and 1964,” writes Craig E. Lovett in his Journal, Yugoslavia and The Soviet Union.  In addition to factory contracting and mining revitalization, The Soviet Union along with East Germany pledged 175 million for Yugoslavia to build hydroelectric and aluminum plants in Niksic, Montenegro.  Under the leadership of Tito, the Soviet Union Funded money in Yugoslavia for resources.  Regardless of Tito’s and Stalin’s differing styles of communism, Yugoslavia ultimately supported The Soviets during the Cold War with the help of Tito who received the support of Roosevelt.Intensifying the tensions between Capitalism and Communism that eventually culminated in the Cold War, FDR helped increase Russia’s communist reach through both a direct expansion in Russian land and the cultivation of communist countries that later became Soviet Allies.  Many of the issues born in the Conferences between Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin continue to persist as Bosnia Herzegovina and Croatia (former Yugoslavia) recently underwent a genocide fractioning the three nations, North Korea continues to destabilize, and Germany still fears Russian interference in both German and now American elections.