consider Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Survey for Grade School

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thatHow does the Saudi Community Deal with Seasonal Influenza?Introduction

Literature
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Awareness,
attitudes, and practices related to the swine influenza pandemic among the
Saudi public:
This study is cross-section regarding public response to infectious disease
outbreak focusing on the knowledge of an individual about the disease,
attitudes, and behavior of the public considering this infection. The goal was
to check the awareness, attitudes, and habits related to influenza (H1N1) among
the Saudi public. Data was collected from
large malls that serve different geographical areas of the biggest to cities on
the contrary who provided verbal consent led to high response, it helped them
to avoid bias, that will be managed in our study however we will try to cover
more volunteers using online questionnaires which will cover much further
variables over a shorter period of time. In this study, they discovered that high
concern did not translate better prevention and developing preventative habits,
possibly due to the low level of knowledge about the disease among the public
and the majority of participants did not believe in a pandemic and believed
that dealing with the disease was the responsibility of the government.

Influenza
Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Survey for Grade School Students: Design and
Novel Assessment Methodology: This cross-section study observed primary
school students to detect knowledge, attitudes and
behaviors regarding influenza. The study contained 20 question that was
formulated in a simple direct manner fit for the participants. Data was
collected from 565 students in two schools that got a high response, this could
be cause for bias since the two schools are from the same city, also the young age
of participants and therefore their knowledge about influenza must be
considered, however, this study was the
first health knowledge, attitude, and behavior survey relating to influenza
prevention among grade school children.  The
question design may also be a disadvantage since they were limited due to the age of participants; our study, however,
will target the community as a whole ,so when talking about the analytic method
we will try to avoid misunderstanding of the original questions.

Self-care
behavior when suffering from the common cold and health-related quality of life
in individuals attending an annual checkup in Japan: a cross-sectional study: This study
focused on the health-related quality of life for people who attempts self-care
behavior comparing them with the ones who go to clinics. They found that the
quality of life is better in those who take over-the-counter medications, which
we will try to encourage the people to do as well. But instead, we will be
focusing not only on people who visit the clinics for every common cold they
get, but also who doesn’t act at all due to their thoughts about how these
drugs are useless, or any other thoughts. So, in this study, the data was
collected from participants who were attempting in only one checkup center
which was in Japan, in which they are already caring and taking action about
their health. However, this study found that there was a significant relationship between the quality of
life and the self-care behavior, yet it is not clear which one of them
affecting the other, so they already pointed that further studies should be
done in this issue.

Self-medication
for cough and the common cold:
information needs of consumers: This study which was in Australia was focusing
on identifying the knowledge of consumers who wanted to consume
over-the-counter medicines, based on consumers who called the Australian
national medicine call center enquiring about cough-and-cold medicine, and to
improve the quality of using it. So, parts of the study that we are going to do
is investigating how well do people know
about this medicine. In this study, it was found that 29% of the calls were asking about the drug-drug interaction,
which we believe it is part of their doctor job to explain to them an appropriate cough and cold medicines to use
when they were given their medicines in the first time. The study mentioned
that the calls were frequently about the children, because there in Australia, the Therapeutic Goods Administration
warned a lot about using unprescribed medicines for the children. The people
internationally or even specifically in Saudi Arabia where we are going to
collect the sample are not fully aware of this due to lack of the action taken
to improve the awareness of this. But this study also represents only the
people who called the center, while lot
of people use online sources to have the information they need, despite the
ones who already fully aware about all these things we mentioned.

Knowledge,
attitudes and practices concerning self-medication with antibiotics among
university students in western China: The main objective for this study which was
done in western China was to evaluate using of antibiotics. Although the sample
they collected from was only undergraduate students, but it gave us very good
idea about the behavioral using of the antibiotics, which we will consider it
part of the over-the-counter medicines as the people use it without
professional intervention. This study found that over half of the
self-medication antibiotics were taken by the students were without
prescription, even their knowledge about these antibiotics was scored 4 out of
10. Most of the students was already storing the antibiotics at home. 16.7% of
the students who used it had an adverse drug reaction, despite the other
dangerous complications that may occur. So, this issue should be considered as
an important problem. So, in general, even that we will be encouraging for
increasing over-the-counter medicines usage, the antibiotics should be
excluded, and an action should be taken by the government for the pharmacies
that still selling the antibiotics without prescription.

Public
preventive awareness and preventive behaviors during a major influenza epidemic
in Fukui, Japan:
This study focused on preventing the influenza of developing by evaluating the
relationship between a citizen’s personal attributes and his/her preventive
awareness and behavior during an influenza outbreak while keeping the
preventive measures of the government in mind. whereas expressing the specific
behaviors and attitudes toward the disease (influenza), and the instinctual
pattern of how to deal with the existing disease were not stated, and the
hospitalization status wasn’t clear in the context by how the individual has
the choice to go and deal with his/her disease. However, this study showed an
excellent review on the risk factors that may affect the disease that will help
our study to work with in our “pre-disease” category. In the analytic side
targets knew the researchers, such as healthcare workers, might have felt
unintentionally pressured to provide consent for study participation, which
would have introduced selection bias. Whereas our study will try to avoid any
selection bias by random selection “anonymous ”

 

Self-diagnosis
of influenza during a pandemic: a cross-sectional survey in New Zealand NZ:
This study focused entirely on (self-diagnosis) and the purpose of this study
was to determine whether people could asses their own influenza by whether the
presence of symptoms. Our study will not put much attention to the exact and
specific symptoms, as it focuses on the disease in general and how the
individual deal with it. by asking if there had any recent history of influenza
Those who believed they had influenza were asked how they treat them self. The
sampling method chosen (simple random sampling) will be much similar to our
study to have the lowest sampling bias there is. Nearly all our targets will
use the self-diagnosis method to figure out the presence of the disease, so it
is a big window opened to look at the sampling technique used in this study, to
asses in our study how they dealt with the disease after diagnosing them self
and that is what this study didn’t talk about.

 

Methods:

This method
will be selected to represent the attitude of all Saudi population to influenza
and how they handle with this disease. It will be stratified random sampling
cross-sectional survey of 1000 subjects from selected primary care centers in
different geographic areas in Riyadh city “North, south, west, and
east” to show accurate results haphazardly. The study will be conducting
during a period of four months “Feb – Jun 2018″.

Data analysis
will be provided by divide the participant influenza patients into three
different classify. First group are immediately go to the clinic and take
medication, second group are using traditional medication ” alternative
“, and the last group are don’t take it as a serious condition and do
nothing.

We brought the
questions from other valid researches, as there were no appropriate surveys to
assess the participants, we developed suitable more questions, designated to
achieve our purposes.

Respondents
were asked ‘Did you have the influenza over this last winter? with options
being ‘yes’, ‘no’ and ‘don’t know’.

Those who
believed they had influenza were asked how they treat them self?

1. I usually
visit the doctor when I have the symptoms and take the medications

2. I don’t
believe the medications are given effectively response, so I take my own
traditional treatment

3. I always
have this disease and it will be cured by its self without self-interventions.

 

We will provide
sufficient information and guidance to participants to answer the questionnaire
correctly. We assured that their personal information will be private and will
not be published.

Finally, we
will use Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program to analyze
our results.

 

Discussion:

We would like
to see

How does the
Saudi community treat and deal with seasonal influenza after acquiring our
result we hope to get an insight into these findings and hope that they will be
directly correlated with our initial research goals.

 

Regarding the
limitation of our research is that we are going to collect most of our data
from Riyadh city also we didn’t find enough research related to this subject
this might be a limitation because we create our own question and we didn’t get
participants face to face nor did we get to choose who we wanted to participate
in our research in terms of age or region in which they lived

And we only
collect data of one or two seasons 

 Finally, we couldn’t Find a number to build
our expectation on because of poor number of research in this topic which I
would to mention it as a good point to cover something another researcher
didn’t.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

Balkhy, H. H.,
Abolfotouh, M. A., Al-Hathlool, R. H., & Al-Jumah, M. A. (2010). Awareness,
attitudes, and practices related to the swine influenza pandemic among the
Saudi public. BMC Infectious Diseases,10(1).
doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-42

Jutel, A.,
Baker, M. G., Stanley, J., Huang, Q. S., & Bandaranayake, D. (2011).
Self-diagnosis of influenza during a pandemic: a cross-sectional survey. BMJ
Open,1(2). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000234

Kloosterboer,
S. M., McGuire, T., Deckx, L., Moses, G., Verheij, T., & Driel, M. V.
(2015). Self-medication for cough and ?the common
cold: information ?needs of consumers. Australian
family physician,44(7), 497-501. Retrieved December 15, 2017.

Koep, T. H.,
Huskins, W. C., Clemens, C., Jenkins, S., Pierret, C., Ekker, S. C., &
Enders, F. T. (2014). Influenza Knowledge, Attitude, and Behavior Survey for
Grade School Students: Design and Novel Assessment Methodology. Journal
of Community Health,39(6), 1231-1240. doi:10.1007/s10900-014-9884-0

Lv, B., Zhou,
Z., Xu, G., Yang, D., Wu, L., Shen, Q., . . . Fang, Y. (2014). Knowledge,
attitudes and practices concerning self-medication with antibiotics among
university students in western China. Tropical Medicine &
International Health,19(7), 769-779. doi:10.1111/tmi.12322

Shaku, F.,
Tsutsumi, M., Miyazawa, A., Takagi, H., & Maeno, T. (2015). Self-care
behavior when suffering from the common cold and health-related quality of life
in individuals attending an annual checkup in Japan: a cross-sectional
study. BMC Family Practice,16(1). doi:10.1186/s12875-015-0300-3

Takahashi, S.,
Sato, K., Kusaka, Y., & Hagihara, A. (2017). Public preventive awareness
and preventive behaviors during a major influenza epidemic in Fukui,
Japan. Journal of Infection and Public Health,10(5), 637-643.
doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2017.04.002