INTRODUCTION social background of the roles whom they are

INTRODUCTION

            People nowadays
need to learn about how to have good public speaking skills as they need to communicate
with others in facing this globalization era. At least there are 6 reasons why
public speaking skills are important, 1) public speaking can develop speaking
skill, 2) public speaking can enhance critical thinking skill, 3) public
speaking can improve quality of life, 4) public speaking can increase self-confidence,
5) public speaking can train us to be a leader, and 6) public speaking can
overcome the fear of speaking in public. Therefore, public speaking is a skill that
everyone have to learn, including the college students. According to Yee and Abidin
(2014, p.127) by learning how to speak in public, the students will have some
benefits such as they can brush up on their academic improvement, on their
personal and social interaction, and also on their career someday. In other
side, Legowo (2016, p.21) stated that role playing model can encourage students
to be critical, they have appropriate knowledge base that are constructed from
other supporting subjects. College Students as a component of society should
know the social background of the roles whom they are playing in order to
convey scientific arguments based on knowledge owned.

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            There
are many kinds of public speaking skills such as presentation, oral speech, presenting
news, debate, stand-up comedy, et cetera. People usually do public speaking
based on their roles. They maybe a lecturer, a news presenter, a master of
ceremony, a host of an event, a debater, and a comedian. Since the college students
are preparing themselves before entering working world in the future, they can
practice speaking by playing those roles in the class. Education experts call
it ‘role playing model’.

 

CHARACTERISTICS
OF ROLE PLAYING MODEL

            Role playing
model is an interesting learning model where students should play some roles as
others by considering the instructional goal, characteristics of the roles, the
rules, the duration, and the basic knowledges that are related to learning
materials. Kusnierek (2015, p.81) stated that in role playing model, all students
have task to pretend to be different person. As its prime goal is to boost
students’ interaction in the classroom, educators should not forget to
integrate such a speaking activity to reflect the theoretical knowledge of the
students.

There 4 characteristics
of role playing model, 1) students can choose the roles they want to play, 2)
students should speak more than just acting, 3) students should make a scenario
based on the learning materials, and 4) students prioritize cooperation than
competition. These characteristics are general so that role playing model can
be applied by college students from any faculties.

 

USING
ROLE PLAYING MODEL IN FACULTY OF TEACHER TRAINING AND EDUCATION

            A lecturer in
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education can apply role playing model by
asking the students to play roles as teachers based on their study program. For
example Elementary School students play role as Elementary School teachers, Math
students play role as Math teachers, Biology students play role as Biology
teachers, Economic students play role as Economics teachers, Chemistry students
play role as Chemistry teachers, Physic students play role as Physic teachers, and
History students play role as History teachers. Undergraduate students of
Faculty of Teacher Training and Education will have ‘Praktik Kerja Lapangan’ (PKL) or professional placement when they
are in the seventh semester. Before they go to schools, they should pass 2 types
of teaching test, peer-teaching and microteaching.

In peer-teaching, a
student plays role as an educator and the other students play roles as the
learners. According to Ali, Anwar, and Abbas (2015, p.63) peer-teaching is a
teaching method where a teacher divides students in pairs, in which one student
acts as a tutor and the other students act as tutees. They help each other by
playing their roles very well. Meanwhile in microteaching, a student plays role
as an educator in front of small groups of real students. Sen (2010, p.79)
stated that the microteaching method is a teaching experience which is
intensified and limited in terms of teaching period, number of students and
teaching content.

Through peer-teaching
and microteaching, the students practice how to start a lesson, how to present learning
materials, how to answer questions from students, how to give feed-back, how to
manage a noisy class with no emotion, and how to close a lesson. All those
skills are public speaking skills.

 

USING
ROLE PLAYING MODEL IN FACULTY OF LOW

In Faculty of Law, a
lecturer can apply role playing model by making a simulation court with
students in order to give them good understanding of law. Lecturer divides
students into 4 groups, the defendant, prosecution, defense, and judges. The
prosecution and defense groups investigate a case, they present oral arguments
with some proof, and finally the judges decide the case with a justice. In line
with that, Shaw (2010, p.6) stated that students of Law use role playing model with
a court simulation. Students on the defense or prosecution teams write briefs,
present oral arguments, and respond to questions raised by the judges. The
judges write reports on their final decisions.

This role playing model
requires a very high critical thinking. Through this simulation all students
apply their substantive knowledge of constitutional law and the jurisprudence
of their justice before deciding important constitutional issues. In other
words, this simulation is an implementation of the theories the students had learnt
before. Besides, the students practice to improve their public speaking skills
in order to make others sure about what they are presenting.