Melody VangAP Language and CompositionMrs Carle18 January 2018Global Warming All around the world, countries have been experiencing natural disasters that have damaged the environment, harming civilians, affecting animal migration, decreasing natural resources, and overall destroying the world. Global warming has played a huge factor of destruction in many regions. Climate change has increased the formation of hurricanes which have been occurring a lot in the past decade and just last year the South and the East Coast states were hit by multiple hurricanes like hurricane Irma that wrecked many homes, cities, etc. This is why global warming is very expensive to clean up after and should be taken seriously. Though these climate changes are good for growing crops and inexpensive energy cost it is not efficient for the rest of the world. Despite its economical benefit, global warming is a huge problem in today’s society because of the harm it brings in the environment, animals, and others due to its avoidable nature as being caused by humans. There are many factors that cause global warming and one well known factor is from greenhouse gases. The use of greenhouse gases for many decades is to keep the Earth’s surface warm and sustain life, but has decreased the lifespan of the Earth as its ozone layer has deteriorated from these emissions. Amanda MacMillan asserts, “Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide and other air pollutants and greenhouse gases collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off the earth’s surface. Normally, this radiation would escape into space- but these pollutants, which can last for years to centuries in the atmosphere, trap the heat and cause the planet to get hotter. That’s what’s known as the greenhouse effect” (MacMillan, Para. 3). The Nation Resources Defense Council 2018 has worked with scientists and has done experiments and studies which have shown that the use of greenhouse gases has only increased climate change which has a domino effect on other world problems like the decrease of natural resources, animal extinction, etc. The reason behind the declining biodiversity is due to how the environment has been treated by the world population for its own necessity. The lack of biodiversity in the world is being caused by deforestation and the highly use of fossil fuels that create emissions is producing a shortage of sustenance for the living and affecting animal shelters. For deforestation, the human race has been killing off trees and expanding the use of fossil fuels, which has only been hurting other animal populations that has caused them into extinction due to no shelter and the food provided from the trees. Nature that supply animals its essential needs has been failing to provide because of human actions and decisions. As well as the emissions caused from the fossil fuels has been affecting other wildlife. For example Holly Shaftel from NASA proclaimed, “Ice cores drawn from Greenland, Antarctica, and tropical mountain glaciers show that the Earth’s climate responds to changes in greenhouse gas levels. Ancient evidence can also be found in tree rings, ocean sediments, coral reefs, and layers of sedimentary rocks. This ancient, or paleoclimate, evidence reveals that current warming is occurring roughly ten times faster than the average rate of ice-age-recovery warming” (Holly, Para. 5). All of these are caused in a domino effect as one leading after another. The emission that humans have created in the long run has melted glaciers which influenced the loss of ice for polar bears to migrate and ability to sustain on ice. Most industries who do produce gas emissions into the atmosphere have not done much nor have taken action to stop the use of greenhouse gases. As for fossil fuels, it’s a decision only in a matter of time as it’s widely used for the start of transportation all over the world. There are also benefits of the use of greenhouse gases as it improves human welfare, less summer deaths, and decrease the chances of having a killer cold. These benefits the human race alone as it’s increasing, the economy, but only for a short period of time. As Matt Ridley stated, “Overall, Prof Tol finds that climate change in the past century improved human welfare. By how much? He calculates by 1.4 percent of global economic output, rising to 1.5 percent by 2025. For some people, this means the difference between survival and starvation. The chief benefits of global warming include: fewer winter deaths; lower energy costs; better agricultural yields; probably fewer droughts; maybe richer biodiversity. It is a little-known fact that winter deaths exceed summer death-not just in countries like Britain but also those with very warm summer, including Greece. Both Britain and Greece see mortality rates rise by 18 percent each winter. Especially cold winters cause a rise in heart failures far greater than the rise in deaths heatwaves” (Ridley, Para. 8-9). The facts he stated is only an advantage for the human population, but for the rest of the world and species its harmful. The outlook is very narrow and is only perceived by one view; the human perspective. The factors that are benefitting is only a small percentage of the rest of the world’s ecosystem that is affected by global warming in both positive or negative ways. The choices that humans make in order to benefit themselves has developed into something globally disastrous as there are many solutions to fixing climate change and the impairment that has already been done to the environment. This is important as the decisions that are being made now will be the outcome of the new detriment world that will change the future generation and the atmosphere. Countries from every part of the world has been going through climate change that has triggered all types of global issues and overall annihilate the world. Works CitedMacMillan, Amanda. “Global warming 101.” NRDC, 11 March 2016, https://www.nrdc.org/stories/global-warming-101. Accessed 3 January 2018.Ridley, Matt. “Why climate change is good for the world.” The spectator, n.d., https://www.spectator.co.uk/2013/10/carry-on-warming/. Accessed 3 January 2018.Shaftel, Holly. “Climate change: How do we know.” NASA, Susan Callery, 2 Jan. 2018, https://climate.nasa.gov/evidence/. Accessed 3 January 2018.