Prejudice mindset comes simply from human nature and that

  Prejudice has always been a controversial topic of debate, however in more recent years prejudice has become a more common topic of conversation with each passing year. Today prejudice is seen almost everywhere, whether it is in the form of racism, homophobia, or not wanting to hire somebody because of their bright colored hair and tattoos. Prejudice is also commonly seen in our media and also commonly on the news. Many aspects of our lives can be influence some type of prejudice; social or economic status, where you were born or raised, your parents viewpoints, education, and hundreds of other things can influence a person’s prejudices. Psychologists have many conclusions on why and how these prejudices form and may also have some science behind the reason.       It is argued that we are born prejudiced by many people from psychologists such as Hammond to common everyday people. Many psychologists propose the idea that many people divide others into groups of ‘us’ and ‘them’. Research by multiple specialists suggests that this mindset comes simply from human nature and that we are just innate or “programmed” to think in such a way. Hammond, director of Behavioral Science & Policy at Brookings Institution, claims that “humans have the tendency to judge others in the crudest tendency”, these tendencies being by race, religion, or almost any other arbitrary feature. The study from Arizona state may also have a reason for our ‘natural’ human tendencies. According to the study, the tendency to be prejudiced is considered to be a form of common sense, or rather wired into the brain through evolution as an adaptive response to protect our ancestors from the many dangers of the times. The argument from Professor Hammond and the study from Arizona State University are presented in a logical manner, they both some what acknowledge the opposing perspective, which strengthens the articles. However, bias toward the favored viewpoint in professor Hammond’s argument weakens it as a whole. Professor Hammond can be viewed as credible because he teaches in this area therefore he can present a correct and valid argument. The same can be said for Arizona state university, as it is a place of learning that conducts multiple research studies. One weakness that is clear is that the study from Arizona State University does not include a specified author. Because we do not know who wrote the report or conducted the research, we do not know how credible the research is.       An alternative view of this issue would be that we are not born prejudiced, rather that we learn the prejudice through life and how we are raised or influenced. Professor Gil Diesendruck of Bar-Ilan University’s Psychology Department and Gonda Brain Research Center supports this theory with his suggestion that children are not born prejudiced but are taught it through their analysis of social structures (Reisfeld). These prejudices the children are exposed to in everyday life can affect them either in a negative or positive way depending on how, where and what time period the child was raised in. For example, racial prejudice was very common in the United States in the 1950’s. Children exposed to racism in the south in that time period would have a different attitude toward that behavior than children in the northwest would. Smadar also presents a strong argument in her article about Professor Diesendruck’s research. Smadar does not have any degrees in the field of this argument, however she does have multiple degrees in journalism which could be seen as a strength considering her article was a review of Diesendruck’s work. Another reason this could be considered a strength is because she does not know very much about the topic and is only providing pure analysis of Diesendruck’s research. This eliminates the possibility of too much bias that could cause the argument to be invalid. The final strength I found in the article and research was the credibility of Diesendruck’s research. Diesendruck is a very accomplished professor. He has published multiple journals on psychology and has taught and served on boards at universities in The United States, such as Yale, and many other highly respected universities around the world. With this said, Professor Diesendruck knows his topic very well and has most likely provided highly accurate research.       All together I believe that we are not born prejudiced. I believe that judging people is something that is learned over time and that depending on what region a child is born into, when a child is born, where he or she is born and the conditions the child will grow up in will affect the way he or she thinks and sees the world. I also believe that social structures and behaviors vary depending on the region and the time period and are apt to change with new social behaviors. More studies should be conducted to try to pinpoint exactly what causes racism and other negative prejudice so it can possibly be eradicated to create a more effective social structure where people are not always trying to separate ‘us’ from ‘them’. Works CitedArizona State University. “Prejudice Is Hard-wired Into The Human Brain, Says ASU Study.”;ScienceDaily; 25 May 2005; ScienceDaily; 31 Oct 2017; I used this source to form an argument for perspective B. Hammond, Ross A.; “Are We Born Prejudiced?”; Brookings Institution; 13 Mar 2007; Brookings Institution; 29 Nov 2017; Reisfeld, Smadar; “Are We Born Racist? A New Israeli Study Has Some Surprising Answers”; Haaretz; 08 Jun 2013; Haaretz; 29 Nov 2017; This source was used for additional information to support my main idea or perspective b. ReferencesHistory.com Staff; “The 1950’s”; history.com; 2010; History.com; 29 Nov 2017; Jaret, Peter. “Are We Born Racist?”; Berkeley Wellness; 25 Jun 2015; University of California; 31 Oct 2017; I used this source for additional information on perspective A. Mitchell, Robert. “Fighting Prejudice by Admitting It”; Harvard University News; 5 Nov 2013; Harvard University; 28 Oct 2017; I used this source to gather information on perspective A and B. Waugh, Rob; “Are We ‘Born Racist’ Expert Suggests Prejudice is Hardwired In Us All”; Metro UK; 28 Jul 2015; Metro UK; 28 Oct 2017; I used this source for additional information on perspective A. Mooney, Chris. “The Psychology of How We Learn Prejudice: Are We Born Natural Racists?”; Readers Digest; Readers Digest; 27 Oct 2017; I used this source for additional information on the issue.