The 18 hours which is a huge loss of

The two main wastes that are described in this case study which need to be reduced or possibly eliminate are Material flow and the waiting time between the two processes.   The material flow line has to be reduced to the proposed extent so that the flow of the product moves faster than actual and the waiting time of the products between different processes can be reduced to some extent. The whole process and the waiting times are described below.   v  Material Flow:   The transportation of materials for both the products that needed to attain the finalproduct are mentioned in the below table. The distance is measured in the meters (m).  From the above, it is clearly seen that manufacturing of Beams it is covered 355 meters and 437 meters for Pallets. v  Waiting Times: In any manufacturing sector, the waiting time and the transportation of material from inventory to processing or any other unnecessary movement of the product which doesn’t add any value to theproduct is considered as WASTE.  From the attached case study we can see more waiting times between the cube saw task andphytosanitary treatment in Pallets manufacturing as high as 76 hours and the similar process in Beams manufacturing with the higher waiting times between the rip task and phytosanitary treatment as close to 18 hours which is a huge loss of time and it is non-value added.  After the analysis of the waiting times in the material flow, it is then moved to the value flow analysis of the process.v  Value Time: The value time of theproduct is the price that the customer is willing to pay for the final product.In Pallets Manufacturing the task that adds more value to the product is the phytosanitary treatment and the pallet assembly task. Similarly, In Beam Manufacturing the task that adds more value to the product is the phytosanitary treatment and the cut rail task. v  Actual VSM: From the actual VSM formula, {Efficiency Index = VAT/ Lead Time} if the index is equal to 1, the process is 100% efficient and the value is added to the product.   Further calculating the takt times of the pallets and beam manufacturing it is observed 54min and 24min for each product and the remaining 94.8% and 88.8 % are actually wastes which don’t add any value. undefined undefined undefined undefined