The two major events that had an effect on the United
States political, social and economic turning points are world war 2 and the
cold war beside these, being major there’s other aspects that made changes in
the united states such as the wall street and industrialisation these includes
new inventions and trade, but since I will only be addressing only two major
events. Me myself feel that the main and
major events where the world war 2 and the cold war and these events made
massive changes in the political social and economic topics
The entry of the United States into World War II
caused vast changes in virtually every aspect of American life. Millions of men
and women entered military service and saw parts of the world they would likely
never have seen otherwise. The labour demands of war industries caused millions
more Americans to move–largely to cities and coasts where most defence plants
When World War II ended, the United States was
in better economic condition than any other country in the world. Even the
300,000 deaths suffered by Americans paled in comparison to any other major
Effects on politics started after World War II, when
the Arms Race began. America was no longer isolationist, but a super
power. During the war, the U. S. built internment camps for the Japanese as
their fear spread. The “Red Scare” began and so did the hunt for
World War II had appeared to pose an
unprecedented threat to human living conditions and this gave Wilson’s a vision
of an international organization to keep the peace. Organizing efforts were
begun even while the war was on.
the United Nations was officially established due to the vision of Wilson .
Unlike the League of Nations, the UN had the full support and leadership of the
United States. The Soviet Union and all the most significant nations of the
world were members.
Effects on social status changed a lot .
Women went to work and became spenders. New inventions; minorities in
sports, music and drama; fashion improvements. The other effects where the civil rights for women
and minorities became an issue.
World War II made important changes in American lifestyle some
good , others bad . One striking change involved fashion. To conserve wool and
cotton, dresses became shorter and vests and cuffs disappeared, as did
double-breasted suits, pleats, and ruffles.
Even more significant was the increase in mobility. The war set families in
motion, pulling them off of farms and out of small towns and packing them into
large urban areas. Urbanization had virtually stopped during the Depression,
but the war made the number of city dwellers increase in populationWar
industries sparked the urban growth.The war had a dramatic impact on women. The
sudden appearance of large numbers of women in uniform was easily the most
visible change. The military organized women into auxiliary units with special
uniforms, their own officers, and, amazingly, equal pay. Women also substituted
for men on the home front. For the first time in history, married working women
outnumbered single working women as 6.3 million women entered the work force
during the war.
In 1941, the overwhelming majority of the
nation’s African American population still lived in the South, primarily in
rural areas. During the war, more than one million blacks migrated to the North
twice the number during World War I and more than two million found work in defence
Effects of economy forces women into the
workplace, this change ended the Great Depression and bankrupted Germany.
After the war, money was in surplus and people spent money. The American
Dollar was powerful throughout the world. Building on the economic base left
after the war, American society became more affluent in the post-war years than
most Americans could have imagined in their wildest dreams before or during the
war. Public policy, like the so-called GI Bill of Rights passed in 1944,
provided money for veterans to attend college, to purchase homes, and to buy
farms. The overall impact of such public policies was almost incalculable, but
it certainly aided returning veterans to better themselves and to begin forming
families and having children in unprecedented numbers.
Not all Americans participated equally in these
expanding life opportunities and in the growing economic prosperity. The image
and reality of overall economic prosperity and the upward mobility it provided
for many white Americans was not lost on those who had largely been excluded
from the full meaning of the American Dream, both before and after the war. As
a consequence, such groups as African Americans, Hispano Americans, and
American women became more aggressive in trying to win their full freedoms and
civil rights as guaranteed by the Declaration of Independence and US Constitution
during the post-war era.
The post-war world also presented Americans with
a number of problems and issues. With
their success against Germany and Japan in 1945, most Americans initially
viewed their place in the post-war world with confidence. But within two years
of the end of the war, new challenges and perceived threats had arisen to erode
that confidence. By 1948, a new form of international tension had emerged Cold
War between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union and its
World War II drew America into a
whirlwind of activity and new ideas. Art, music and intellectual
ideas changed. Society, politics, economy and even our culture
changed and it was a permanent change.Unfortunately, these changes were at the
expense of many lives.
The causes of the Cold War are
clear. Western democracies had always been hostile to the idea of a communist
state. The United States had refused recognition to the USSR for 16 years after
the Bolshevik takeover. Finally, the Soviet Union believed in communism and
America in capitalism
The rivalry was
also a multifaceted affair, one of ideology and culture and political styles.
The US-Soviet confrontation was, by the mid-sixties, a highly formalized
conflict, attended by vast bureaucracies of arms-making and arms control,
strategists for war-making and strategists for coexistence, with universities
and laboratories and institutes and manufacturers all in place to sustain it.
That disruption was brandished in the demand for an end to the nuclear madness
that resonated first throughout Europe and then quickly in the United States.
It found a soulmate of sorts in the new Soviet leader
history the American governments made amendments to keep their country stable
such as thein come tax amendment which was formed in 1909. Constitution gave
Congress the right to collect income tax without basing it on population. This
Amendment has been the target of a great deal of criticism over the last 100 years,
Soon after other
amendments followed. The Eighteenth Amendment
effectively outlawed the alcohol industry. Once the amendment was
adopted, nobody could buy, sell, or manufacture alcoholic drinks; but that
didn’t mean they couldn’t drink it. It was called Prohibition
It all started with the efforts of organizations like
the Women’s Christian Temperance Union and the Anti-Saloon
The Twelfth Amendment changed the way the President and the Vice
President were elected. Previously, according to Article I, Section
1, Clause 3 of
the Constitution, the individual at the end of the election with the most
electoral votes became president, and the first runner up became Vice
President. Well, this logic worked excellently until the election year of 1796
when Federalist candidate John
Adams was chosen as second President of the United States, and his
rival, Thomas Jefferson,
became Vice President. Due to this election amendment good presidents and
scenators where elected but some made long term changes to other nations.
this respect, Hiroshima and Nagasaki may have been the first shots of the Cold
War as well as the final shots of World War II. Regardless, the United States
remains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on another
nation. Truman stated that
his decision to drop the bomb was purely military. This decision made long term
out comes such as the radiation crisis the birth of disabled babies.
The civil rights movement was
a mass popular movement to secure for African
Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges
and rights of U.S. citizenship. Although the roots of the movement go
back to the 19th century, it peaked in the 1950s and 1960s. African American
men and women, along with whites, organized and led the movement at
national and local levels. They pursued their goals through legal means,
negotiations, petitions, and nonviolent protest demonstrations.
The civil rights movement was largest
social movement of the 20th century in the United States. It
influenced the modern women’s rights movement and
the student movement of the 1960s.
By the mid-1960s, however, most
eligible black voters in the South remained disfranchised. Following
World War II, African Americans initiated local efforts to exercise the right
to vote but faced strong and sometimes violent resistance from local whites.
Organized initiatives to enfranchise blacks climaxed with the Summer Project of
1964. Popularly known as Freedom Summer, it came under the auspices of the
Council of Federated Organizations.
Such legislation was enacted
following events in Selma, Alabama. King and the SCLC went there in
February 1965, hoping to boost a languishing voting-rights drive that had
been organized by the SNCC and local blacks. After two failed attempts, King
led a march from Selma to Montgomery. Three activists lost their lives during
the Selma demonstrations, but in August 1965, President Johnson signed
the Voting Rights
time, civil rights activists were turning their attention to
race discrimination in the urban North and West. Many younger activists,
discontented with the slow process of change, were also becoming more militant.
Most controversial were the call for racial separatism and the principle of
self-defense against white violence. These tenets were contrary to the ideals
of more traditional activists who favoured racial integration and
As late as 1969, 15 years
after Brown, only 1
percent of the black students in the Deep South were attending public
schools with whites. After a series of legal cases in the late 1960s, the
federal courts finally dismantled segregated schools. By this time after the assassination
of Martin Luther King, Jr., in 1968; the rise of black militancy; and
discernible gains in black employment opportunities the civil rights movement had
begun losing momentum. Observers maintain that the movement has a mixed
legacy. It produced major legislation that reformed American society. It opened
up new political, social, and economic opportunities to blacks.
The Great Depression challenged American families in major ways, placing great economic, social, and
psychological strains and demands upon families and their members. Millions of
families lost their savings as numerous banks collapsed in the early
The Great Depression was the
worst economic crisis
in U.S. history. From 1931 to 1940 unemployment was always in double digits. In
April 1939, almost ten years after the crisis began, more than one in
five Americans still
could not find work. On the surface World War II seems to mark the end of
the Great Depression.Feb 24, 2010
The Depression was actually ended, and prosperity restored, by the
sharp reductions in spending, taxes and regulation at the end
of World War II, True, unemployment did decline at the start of World War
II. But that was a statistical residue of sending millions of young
American men to fight and die in the war. There are better ways to reduce
unemployment, as was shown after the war.
Statistics showed a rise in GDP during the war. But that
just reflects mis-defined statistical analysis. The military guns, tanks,
ships, and planes produced and counted as showing rising GDP did not reflect
improved standards of living for working people, or anyone else.
The sale prices of goods and services sold in voluntary market
transactions reflects the true value of the goods and services produced
But America turned out to be a great supper power
even though they went through a lot of challenges they managed to overcome them