What to exhibit how two art movements can have

What comes up to your mind when you hear the word
Avant-Garde? Avant-garde is basically a French term, meaning in English modern
art which started in the beginning of 1850s. In the beginning of the nineteenth
century, it seemed with reference to art in France and was attributed to the
significant theorist Henri de Saint-Simon, one of the founders of socialism. At
the very end of the modern period, several types of Avant-garde art appeared
such as contemporary art movements. In another way, being avant-garde needs to
explore new artistic methods, or try-out new approaches to have the ability to
produce better art. In addition, Avant-garde has a lot of other movements such
as cubism, futurism, Neo-Plasticism or surrealism which have had strong
programs, but will further be described in detail about the differences and
similarities of Neo-Plasticism and Futurism. Even though both movements came in
the same century; however, Futurism came before Neo-Plasticism and was not
founded from the same origin.

Futurism and
Neo-Plasticism period have been selected to exhibit how two art movements can
have comparisons yet still hold true to their own values, thoughts, and
principles to produce a decisive style. Futurism is an avant-garde movement
founded in Milan in 1909 by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti as also it was
an artistic and social movement that highlighted speed, technology, youth and
violence, and objects such as cars, airplane, and the industrial city. World
War 1 had been a dominant factor of Futurism’s imaginary since Marinetti had
launched the movement at that time it appeared on the first page of Le Figaro
in Paris. Futurism ended in 1915-16 but still, artists nowadays get influenced
by how art, violence, and machines are connected together to form an artwork
because they represented the technological triumph of man over nature. Futurism
did not directly recognize its unique style and worked
in borrowing elements from various technical characteristics of Post-Impressionism, which include Symbolism and Divisionism
and more into Divisionism. It was complicated as it divided light and colours
into painted dots and stripes, and cracking the canvas plane into sections, at
the beginning was taken as an example from Severini and other artists. Not only
Boccioni’s encounter with Cubist painting had an important influence, but also
Neo-Plasticism was one of the related art movements to cubism as they came
after each other. Futurism’s main subject is modern urban scenes which express
energy, so it was something at that time. ‘We Futurists are trying with
the power of intuition, to place ourselves at the very center of things, in
such a way that our ego forms with their own uniqueness a single complex. We
give plastic planes a plastic expansion in space, obtaining this feeling of
something in perpetual motion which is peculiar to everything living’- Carlo
Carra. The Futurists discovered every medium of art, including painting, sculpture,
poetry, theatre, music, architecture and even gastronomy. Alessandro
Bruschetti was an Italian Futurist artist who was inspired by the World War and
is shown in his artwork. It is obvious how Alessandro used portraits of solders
and airplanes with other machinery equipment to send a message that the World
War had a big impact on many artists throughout the years and this period of
time. Why did I choose this artwork specifically? Because it stand out for the
perfect meaning of the art movement Futurism and it describes how Cubism had
influenced it. In addition, it has some similarities relating to Neo-Plasticism
such as similar colours, the inspiration of Cubism and the World War 1 as long
as it came after it and was in the same century. However, Futurists made
artwork which was inspiring until Marinetti’s death in 1944, later art
movements such as Art Deco, Vorticisn, Constructivism, Surrealism, Dadaism and
much later Neo-Futurism were severely influenced by the work of the Futurists. Are
Marinetti’s thoughts still existent? Yes in the Japanese culture and their
mangas and anime, but with new development such as speed was chosen in order to
create new forms of theatre in 1988 and after that Futurism started to be
destroyed ever since the death of its leader Marinetti.

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Which artists limit their selves by two or three colours? Are
their paintings with squares and straight lines? Yes, Neo-Plasticism is
a term approved by the Dutch inventor of abstract art developed by Piet
Mondrian, for his own type of abstract painting which used geometric forms in
black, white, grey, and primary colours. Relatively it was against the
decorative excesses of Art Deco. The main painters are Theo van Doesburg and
Piet Mondrian which applied their style to a host of media in the fine and
applied arts and beyond.  Neo-Plasticism
is basically “the style” in Dutch, emerged largely in response to the
fears of World War I. The goal of Neo-Plasticism art movement is to make art
simple and basic as possible and that was the only reason. Artists wanted to filter
art to be almost scientific precision and perfection. In addition, arrangement and balance made a great part in artist’s artwork, and this lead to more
dominant in the next few decades of modern design and modern architecture.
It was different from one artist to the other for example Theo van Doesburg
used in his work diagonals and the colour green which was not common with Piet
Mondrian as he was the leading painter of the group; nevertheless: other artists
in the group used a combination between Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian’s
work. This art movement in the beginning was name as De Stijl and then Piet realized that it makes more
sense as Neo comes from New and Plasticism refers to form making the word
Neo-Plasticism. Despite the fact that Piet Mondrian was a fan of Kandinsky’s
writing, he disagreed about the variety of elements an abstract painter should
use.